Bacteria are a huge part of the ecosystem we live in, which forms the biggest population of organisms on our earth. It consists of many different types organisms that are available in huge numbers all over the planet. Different bacteria have different uses and effects. However, the deeper you get to observe and study a bacteria, the more you find new intriguing stuff.
A recent study conducted by a team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago have shown a new type of protein to be observed in bacteria. This protein is special due to the fact that it is hiding in the bacteria’s membrane. The bacteria plays a very important role in identifying the beginning of every gene. This is beneficial as it sheds light on the fact that each gene can create more than one DNA.
This changes the currently known theory, which believes that each gene is responsible for only a single type of protein. However, the hidden protein shows that one gene can actually produce more than one type of protein. This study and results were published in the leading journal related to cellular processes worldwide, named Molecular Cell.
The team was led by Alexander Mankin and Nora Vázquez-Laslop which are both professors of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy at the UIC. “First, we understood the antibiotic’s mechanism and then we applied that knowledge to identify the special ‘start’ gene signals the cell uses to regulate protein synthesis,” Mankin Said.